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MIGRAINE【Article for foreigners】

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A migraine is a type of headache that causes a throbbing pain in the temples and nausea.  In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment of migraine headaches.

 

 

 

 

FEATURES OF MIGRAINE

Migraines have characteristic symptoms and complications. And there are auras that precede a migraine. First of all, let's introduce the characteristic symptoms of migraine.

 

 ✅ Characteristics of migraine

 ・scintillating scotoma

 ・throbbing pain in temples

 ・headache occurs about once a month

 ・nausea or vomiting

 ・sensitive to light and sound

 

These are the characteristic symptoms of migraine. Migraines can also be bilateral headaches. Scintillating scotoma is a precursor to migraine. This is a phenomenon in which you see a jagged light in front of your eyes, making it difficult to see part of your field of vision. Scintillating scotoma occurs in about 20% of migraine patients. As I will explain in the section on therapeutic drugs, it is important to take medicine when scintillating scotoma occurs.

 

CAUSES OF MIGRAINE

Migraine headach is caused by sudden dilation of blood vessels in the head. Migraine occurs when the trigeminal nerves around the dilated blood vessel are irritated. Now let's discuss the 5 causes that cause migraines.

 

1.STRESS

Stress is the most common cause of migraine headaches. Migraine headaches are most likely to occur when stress is relieved. For example, when you are doing a stressful job that forces you to be tense and focused, the sympathetic nervous system constricts the blood vessels in your head. And the moment you are released from this stress, the blood vessels in your head expand all at once, causing a headache.

 

2.ALCOHOL

Alcohol causes migraines because it dilates blood vessels. Red wine, which is rich in polyphenols, can cause migraine headaches. Some people eat cheese or chocolate with alcohol. But these foods can also cause migraines.

 

3.MENSTRUATION

In women, migraine headaches occur several days before the onset of menstruation. This is related to the secretion of the female hormone estrogen. Migraines may go away when a woman becomes pregnant or after menopause, when estrogen levels stop fluctuating.

 

4.WEATHER AND TEMPERATURE

Some people get migraines before the weather turns bad. My mother was like that. Migraine headaches are caused by the dilation and constriction of blood vessels in the head caused by changes in atmospheric pressure. In addition to the weather, sudden changes in temperature and room temperature can also cause migraine headaches.

 

5.NOISE AND LIGHT

Migraines can be triggered by your environment. Here are some of the major environmental factors that contribute to migraine headaches.

 

 ✅ Environmental Factors

 ・noise

 ・bright light

 ・crowd

 ・strong smell

 

People who know the migraine-producing environment can prevent migraines by avoiding that environment.

 

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TREATMENT FOR MIGRAINE

So what should you do when you have a migraine? Here are four ways you can treat migraines yourself.

 

1.REST IN A QUIET DARK ROOM

People with migraine headaches are exacerbated by small noises or light stimuli that would not normally bother them. So, try to rest in a dark and quiet room. If you can get an hour or so of sleep, your migraines should improve considerably.

 

2.COOL THE PAINFUL AREA

A migraine is caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the head. Therefore, if you cool the throbbing and painful temple, the blood vessels in that part will contract and the headache will improve. On the contrary, if you heat it, the headache may get worse, so be careful.

 

3.DRINK COFFEE OR GREEN TEA

Drinking caffeine-rich beverages such as coffee and green tea constricts the blood vessels in your head. Coffee and green tea can also be expected to have a relaxing effect. Never try to cure a migraine with alcohol.

 

4.TAKE MEDICINE

If your migraine doesn't go away, take a headache medicine. If headache medicine don't help, you should see a doctor. Your doctor may prescribe medications for migraine headaches. Take your migraine medication as soon as you notice the onset of a migraine headache. You should discuss with your doctor what medicines you should take.

 

 

 

SUMMARY

A migraine is a throbbing pain in the temple area. You can prevent it by avoiding causes such as stress, alcohol, noise, and bright light. Migraines are treated by resting in a dark, quiet room. Try cooling the painful area. If the migraine does not go away, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Some headaches can be life-threatening, so brain imaging may be necessary.

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